College celebrates its success in community November 30, 2012
Banners greeted visitors to the Comanche Nation College Thursday with a simple, singular message written in two tongues: "Welcome Maruaweka."
As college president Consuelo Lopez thanked the many staff, volunteers and visitors who made the day's celebration of the college's recent letter of initial candidacy for accreditation a success, that message seemed to be an underlying theme for the college's advancement and success for now and in the future.
Comanche Nation College accredited November 26, 2012
The first and oldest tribal college in Oklahoma has received word of another first the Comanche Nation College will be able to offer certificates and associate-level degrees.
Ilisagvik language nest program close to opening November 24, 2012
Uqautchim Uglua (Inupiaq for language nest) is a new program getting ready to launch through Ilisagvik College. Its purpose is twofold. It will serve as a lab for Ilisagvik students working towards an Associate of Arts degree in Inupiaq Early Learning and provide up to 12 children from birth to three years of age with early immersion in their traditional culture and language. In its first year, which is scheduled to start in November of 2012, the program will only be accepting three-year-old children. By the start of the second year, the program will be opened to all children from birth to three.
Tribal Colleges Make An Effort To Return To Their Food Roots November 21, 2012
Tribal colleges have made a push to grow and serve their own foods in efforts to promote food sovereignty.
High in the hills south of Santa Fe, N.M., stands a greenhouse that Luke Reed hopes will help American Indians eat healthier.
Solving The Childcare Crisis In Rural Alaska November 19, 2012
Finding quality, affordable childcare for young children can be a challenge anywhere in Alaska. It’s especially difficult in rural Alaska’s hub communities – where the cost of living is high and space is often hard to find. It becomes a factor in attracting professionals to jobs at regional health and other organizations. In the next installment of our series “Being Young in Rural Alaska” from the producers of Kids These Days, Anne Hillman takes a look at how some communities are trying to meet the challenge.
Author with N.D. roots writes novels about violence in Indian Country November 17, 2012
Louise Erdrich does not gloss over the violence that plagues many American Indian reservations, including violence against native women and children.
It is, in fact, a recurring theme in her novels, including her latest, “The Round House,” set on a North Dakota reservation in 1988, for which the North Dakota native and enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians received a prestigious National Book Award this week.
“But when you grapple with the complexity of the present in native communities, you are also facing a largely unknown history of trauma,” she said Friday in a telephone interview from her home in Minneapolis.
That “historical trauma” is “coming down through generations of people who have been stripped of their culture, forced into boarding schools around the turn of the last century, mired in poverty, and breaking out of that is very, very hard to do.”
“The Round House,” the second part of a planned trilogy set on the North Dakota reservation (the first, “The Plague of Doves,” was published to critical acclaim in 2008), is the story of a 13-year-old boy who seeks justice for his mother after she is brutally attacked.
“But the book also is about the ongoing celebration of culture” in Indian Country, Erdrich said.
“People only seem to get interested in native communities when something horrific happens,” she said, “and the beauty, spirit and vitality of the culture, the toughness of mind it takes native people to survive — that is something that should be celebrated.”
At Spirit Lake, restoring values
Erdrich, 58, said she is aware of recent developments at the Spirit Lake Sioux reservation, where federal officials, tribal members and others have alleged widespread abuse of children and a tribal child protection system that is broken. At the request of the tribe, the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs took over administration of social service programs involving children on Oct. 1, but critics insist little progress has been made.
“I really can’t address Spirit Lake because I don’t have all the information,” she said. “But this book is about an issue that is part of that situation, a slow-burning conflagration of the spiritual laws that have governed native societies until the indigenous culture was stripped away.
“We are grappling with how to restore the place and imbue ourselves with all that has been lost.”
In accepting her National Book Award Wednesday night in New York, Erdrich said the novel “is a book about a huge case of injustice ongoing on reservations.” She delivered her remarks in both Ojibwe and English and said she wanted to honor “the grace and endurance of native women.”
Speaking to reporters Thursday in Minneapolis, she said the prize “is an award for stories that are grounded here, about us. It belongs to the native community, to North Dakotans and Minnesotans.”
On Friday, she said she is still “very happy” about the award, and she hopes the honor will give it a wider audience.
She said she wrote the story “as suspense, in a way as a page-turning book, because I wanted to talk about problems that are very fraught with emotion and involve very complex legal issues. The book is about the difficulty in obtaining justice for victims of crime of sexual violence on reservations. The answers aren’t easy.
“It’s set in 1988 but truer than ever today. Crimes of sexual violence against women are at epidemic proportions on reservations.”
Hope, not despair
The Tribal Law and Order Act adopted by Congress in 2010, which boosted law enforcement capabilities on reservations, “was a huge help” in countering violence stemming from poverty, drugs and alcohol, unemployment and hopelessness.
Another piece of federal legislation, which would have allowed tribal courts to prosecute non-native sex offenders, was stalled in the House of Representatives.
“That piece of sovereignty should be restored to tribes,” Erdrich said. “Tribal courts should be able to prosecute non-native sex predators. When they can’t, that adds a layer of instability and insecurity to the entire system.”
She warns against generalizations about Indian Country and a focus only on what’s wrong, and she is “absolutely” more hopeful than despairing for the future.
Every tribe in the country “has a unique culture, different trials and triumphs,” she said. On her home reservation, “the tribal college system has been a fantastic success. The Turtle Mountain Community College is a tremendous center of learning.
“I am constantly humbled by the people I know who are working their hearts out in Indian Country,” Erdrich said, including her siblings.
“My own family … they save lives. They’ve given their lives to Indian education and Indian health.”
Erdrich was raised in Wahpeton, N.D., and her parents and several siblings live there. She said she will take her new award there “so we can all celebrate.” She also plans to take the award, a bronze statue, to the Turtle Mountain reservation.
Through her novels and other literary work, she addresses the problems and challenges facing Indian people through stories of individual women, men and children. People in Washington D.C. who weigh decisions on such issues as funding for reservation law enforcement, health and education “need to see it comes down to the suffering of a child in North Dakota,” she said.
“If we don’t look at it in terms of human suffering and just look at it coldly through costs … you need to ask, ‘What does it cost when someone becomes a purveyor of violence?’ It’s cost effective over the long haul if that’s the way you need to look at it.”