Solving The Childcare Crisis In Rural Alaska November 19, 2012
Finding quality, affordable childcare for young children can be a challenge anywhere in Alaska. It’s especially difficult in rural Alaska’s hub communities – where the cost of living is high and space is often hard to find. It becomes a factor in attracting professionals to jobs at regional health and other organizations. In the next installment of our series “Being Young in Rural Alaska” from the producers of Kids These Days, Anne Hillman takes a look at how some communities are trying to meet the challenge.
Author with N.D. roots writes novels about violence in Indian Country November 17, 2012
Louise Erdrich does not gloss over the violence that plagues many American Indian reservations, including violence against native women and children.
It is, in fact, a recurring theme in her novels, including her latest, “The Round House,” set on a North Dakota reservation in 1988, for which the North Dakota native and enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians received a prestigious National Book Award this week.
“But when you grapple with the complexity of the present in native communities, you are also facing a largely unknown history of trauma,” she said Friday in a telephone interview from her home in Minneapolis.
That “historical trauma” is “coming down through generations of people who have been stripped of their culture, forced into boarding schools around the turn of the last century, mired in poverty, and breaking out of that is very, very hard to do.”
“The Round House,” the second part of a planned trilogy set on the North Dakota reservation (the first, “The Plague of Doves,” was published to critical acclaim in 2008), is the story of a 13-year-old boy who seeks justice for his mother after she is brutally attacked.
“But the book also is about the ongoing celebration of culture” in Indian Country, Erdrich said.
“People only seem to get interested in native communities when something horrific happens,” she said, “and the beauty, spirit and vitality of the culture, the toughness of mind it takes native people to survive — that is something that should be celebrated.”
At Spirit Lake, restoring values
Erdrich, 58, said she is aware of recent developments at the Spirit Lake Sioux reservation, where federal officials, tribal members and others have alleged widespread abuse of children and a tribal child protection system that is broken. At the request of the tribe, the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs took over administration of social service programs involving children on Oct. 1, but critics insist little progress has been made.
“I really can’t address Spirit Lake because I don’t have all the information,” she said. “But this book is about an issue that is part of that situation, a slow-burning conflagration of the spiritual laws that have governed native societies until the indigenous culture was stripped away.
“We are grappling with how to restore the place and imbue ourselves with all that has been lost.”
In accepting her National Book Award Wednesday night in New York, Erdrich said the novel “is a book about a huge case of injustice ongoing on reservations.” She delivered her remarks in both Ojibwe and English and said she wanted to honor “the grace and endurance of native women.”
Speaking to reporters Thursday in Minneapolis, she said the prize “is an award for stories that are grounded here, about us. It belongs to the native community, to North Dakotans and Minnesotans.”
On Friday, she said she is still “very happy” about the award, and she hopes the honor will give it a wider audience.
She said she wrote the story “as suspense, in a way as a page-turning book, because I wanted to talk about problems that are very fraught with emotion and involve very complex legal issues. The book is about the difficulty in obtaining justice for victims of crime of sexual violence on reservations. The answers aren’t easy.
“It’s set in 1988 but truer than ever today. Crimes of sexual violence against women are at epidemic proportions on reservations.”
Hope, not despair
The Tribal Law and Order Act adopted by Congress in 2010, which boosted law enforcement capabilities on reservations, “was a huge help” in countering violence stemming from poverty, drugs and alcohol, unemployment and hopelessness.
Another piece of federal legislation, which would have allowed tribal courts to prosecute non-native sex offenders, was stalled in the House of Representatives.
“That piece of sovereignty should be restored to tribes,” Erdrich said. “Tribal courts should be able to prosecute non-native sex predators. When they can’t, that adds a layer of instability and insecurity to the entire system.”
She warns against generalizations about Indian Country and a focus only on what’s wrong, and she is “absolutely” more hopeful than despairing for the future.
Every tribe in the country “has a unique culture, different trials and triumphs,” she said. On her home reservation, “the tribal college system has been a fantastic success. The Turtle Mountain Community College is a tremendous center of learning.
“I am constantly humbled by the people I know who are working their hearts out in Indian Country,” Erdrich said, including her siblings.
“My own family … they save lives. They’ve given their lives to Indian education and Indian health.”
Erdrich was raised in Wahpeton, N.D., and her parents and several siblings live there. She said she will take her new award there “so we can all celebrate.” She also plans to take the award, a bronze statue, to the Turtle Mountain reservation.
Through her novels and other literary work, she addresses the problems and challenges facing Indian people through stories of individual women, men and children. People in Washington D.C. who weigh decisions on such issues as funding for reservation law enforcement, health and education “need to see it comes down to the suffering of a child in North Dakota,” she said.
“If we don’t look at it in terms of human suffering and just look at it coldly through costs … you need to ask, ‘What does it cost when someone becomes a purveyor of violence?’ It’s cost effective over the long haul if that’s the way you need to look at it.”
Navajo Code Talker receives BFA 60 years after having to leave KU November 13, 2012
Chester Nez, 91, the last survivor of the original 29 World War II Navajo Code Talkers, received a Bachelor of Fine Arts from Kansas University on Monday in a recognition ceremony at the Lied Center pavilion. Code Talkers transmitted messages in a code based on the Navajo language that was never broken. Nez was a Marine serving in the Pacific Theater.
Native American students try to preserve tribe culture November 11, 2012
Three Baylor University students visited campus last Wednesday determined to experience one must-do activity — rolling down the Indian Mounds.
“We’re visiting LSU, and we’re told we had to roll down the hill,” said Kevin Cochran, referring to the University’s Indian Mounds. “How much trouble would we get into for jumping the fencing and rolling down the hill?”
Educator Spotlight: Daniel Wildcat November 4, 2012
Daniel R. Wildcat, Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma, is the director of the Haskell Environmental Research Studies Center and dean of the College of Natural and Social Sciences at Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas.
After serving two years in the U.S. Army, Wildcat attended the University of Kansas where he received both his bachelor’s and master’s in sociology.
NAJA recognizes Native American Heritage Month in November November 4, 2012
The Native American Journalists Association recognizes November as Native American Heritage Month and we are encouraging journalists everywhere to cover a Native American issue. Broader coverage of Native nations by the media means exposure of important topics for Native American people.
USDA Announces Investments in Tribal Land-Grant Colleges October 29, 2012
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack Tuesday announced that 21 projects in eight states have been funded through the Tribal College Initiative Grant program to make campus improvements, provide outreach and educational offerings. Janie Hipp, Senior Advisor to the Secretary made the announcement on the Secretary's behalf while attending the National Congress of American Indians Annual Conference.
Federal Grant to Help Prepare More Native American Teachers in Wis. October 26, 2012
A one million dollar federal grant awarded to the Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College hopes to bring more Native American teachers into Wisconsin schools.
With this grant, the LCO Community College and UW-Superior hope to launch a collaborative program to prepare more Native American teachers, including some proficient in the Ojibwe language.
New LCO College president sees bright future October 25, 2012
As he was inaugurated as the eighth president of Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwe Community College (LCOOCC), Ray Burns applauded the vision of people who started the college 30 years ago and spoke of an expanding role for the institution, which serves tribal reservations and surrounding communities in northern Wisconsin.