Shaping Native Early Childhood Education with Work and Commitment

This fall marks the final year of the initiative; reflection on the accomplishments of the four tribal college grantees spurs new hope and healing amongst the grantee institutions and their respective project partners. Engaging in collective inquiry to impact and change systems within and among tribal communities is complex work.  When grantee teams spend time in classrooms at the earliest levels of education, it becomes crystal clear why tribal colleges and universities should focus on impacting early learning opportunities with children and their families. At each grantee site, Native children and their families are exposed to the importance of engaging in community-based programming and advocacy, accessing higher education, and developing life-long connections to strengthen Native communities collectively. Tribal colleges and universities can spur change locally, and inform national and tribal nation movements to strengthen early learning opportunities for all Native children.  Tribal colleges and universities are contributing to higher education knowledge, as they study and improve their colleges’ teacher education programs to meet the unique needs of tribal communities. The American Indian College Fund is committed to supporting movements like the early childhood education initiative because tribal college faculty and their early childhood college students are able to participate in shaping Native early childhood education in powerful ways.  Together their work and commitment results in the following:

Native teachers are better prepared and trained to work in their respective Native communities;

Native families and parents are purposefully engaged in their role as their child’s first teacher;

Native language, culture, and history are central areas of knowledge programs draw upon to deepen connections across institutions, communities, and families;

Native children are experiencing learning opportunities that draw upon the richness of their Indigenous culture(s) and are also experiencing learning opportunities that prepare them for K-3 schooling;

Early learning centers and program partners are working with families by preparing young Native children for successful transition from pre-K to K-3 education.































Systemic change requires documentation of historical and institutional knowledge development and outcomes.  The tribal college grantee teams are conducting on-going collective inquiry projects which document their funded project impacts at their respective institutions and with their project partners. Get the latest news on the Wakanyeja webpage

Join the American Indian College Fund in celebrating the accomplishments of the Wakanyeja ECE grantees! To follow the Wakanyeja “Sacred Little Ones” Early Childhood Education Initiative and to learn more from the unique innovations of each project site, visit the Wakanyeja ECE website at  Direct links to the individual funded projects are easily accessible from this main site.

The American Indian College Fund’s Wakanyeja “Sacred Little Ones” Early Childhood Education Initiative (Wakanyeja ECE Initiative) supports tribal colleges and universities (TCUs) in strengthening early childhood learning opportunities from birth to age 8.  Since 2011, four tribal colleges – Ilisagvik College, College of Menominee Nation, Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute and Northwest Indian College – have planned, designed, and implemented funded projects to address five domains of program development and capacity building with tribal nation partners and early learning centers.



Meet Our Summer Interns

2014 American Indian College Fund Interns

The 2014 American Indian College Fund Interns worked for seven weeks in the Office of Research and Special Projects.

Two tribal college students are spending seven weeks this summer working as paid interns for the American Indian College Fund in the Office of Research and Special Projects. This new program offers them the opportunity to learn valuable skills that they can use in their academic careers and as professionals while also contributing to the mission of the College Fund.

Ian Stand, Sac/Fox, Haskell Indian Nations University Class of 2015Ian Stand (Sac and Fox Nation) is a senior Indigenous and American Indian studies major at Haskell Indian Nations University. He comes from the San Francisco Bay Area and is a student-athlete who competes with the shot put and discus on the track and field team. He started his academic career in Pleasant Hill, California and Job Corps in San Francisco, where he realized he wanted to return to college. Ian is motivated to complete his degree while continuing his athletic career at Haskell.

“We’ve been doing the bulk of our work in research, but the entire staff is nice and supportive,” Ian says. “My interaction with my colleagues and bosses is not just that of authoritative roles; they are more like mentors offering suggestions from how to ask a question with confidence and how to feel comfortable. They really want to help us improve our chances of being successful.”

Bryson Runsabove-Meyers (Chippewa Cree/Dakota Sioux) is from the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation in Montana.  After completing his associate’s degree at Fort Peck Community College, he transferred to the Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA) in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in graphic design-digital media. Bryson uses his art and Native flute music to represent his traditional values. His first art show was hosted at the College Fund in its conference space gallery.

Bryson says that as a graphic arts major, “It is beneficial to learn research methods. They expand my knowledge to work with Excel, work with data, and apply numbers to visually explain things. Down the road, knowing numbers and research will benefit me, my family, and my tribe.”

The young men stay in the University of Denver campus student housing and share commuting time while bonding over their new experience together. Their advice to future interns: Be open-minded, bring your A-Game, but come relaxed and ready to learn.

VIDEO: Meet Bryson

VIDEO: Meet Ian

Student Blogger, Ulrick talks about C.H.A.N.G.E.

Making a connection to your culture can be a struggle to the say least, but once you find it it can be be one of the most fulfilling things of your life. I know this because it’s a path I have begun and will continue to follow. Although it might not be for everyone, because of other influences in our surroundings; or maybe you’ve tried and found that it’s not for you, you don’t feel that connection. With modern day technology we have the world and want something almost instantaneously, or we have/can’t find the time to sit down and talk to our elders. Whichever the case may be, I feel that these things are due for a change, for the sake of connecting culture to the new generations.

As far as Indian culture goes: songs, language, life lessons, everything is taught orally and in terms of doing. In the Tohono O’odham tradition it is called Himdag. It’s everything you do under the sun and moon.

A very good friend of mine, Amy, helped come up with a way to say this: Connection Himdag And New Generation Environment (C.H.A.N.G.E.) But how do we do this? I find it very simple: you just get out and live it. Learn what you can and share it, when sharing it don’t be afraid of any backlash because it will happen from time to time, and make sure to let others know where you’ve obtained this knowledge. Through C.H.A.N.G.E, Amy and her friends hosted a camp which was open to anyone who wanted to attend. They held various workshops: traditional men and women roles, beat making with a local hip hop group Shining Soul, sexuality 101, just to name a few. Inspired by this a few of my previous coworkers and I took on the task of hosting the camp, and with winter on our side. Whereas the previous hosts held theirs in the summer, winter is story telling season in the O’odham tradition and we were excited to be able to do that as well. Overall, we did just what the name of the camp promised.

As with most people, I was very hesitant at first to accept this new concept, because I remembered how hard it was to even sing the songs in my O’odham Language class in high school. I was afraid to pick up the sawkud (gourd rattle) and sing, and if we needed to use the restroom we’d have to ask in O’odham. I wasn’t ashamed, just afraid I wasn’t saying it right or singing the right way, even holding the sawkud and staying in sync with everyone was tough. I had built up this negative mentality in my head so bad that I didn’t wan to do any of it at all. It wasn’t until inspiration from friends that I felt o.k. with it, because they had the same insecurities I have, but seeing them in action and hearing them singing so well, I never would’ve guessed that they felt that way.

On my path I found a new way to feel an even deeper connection to the land; and of all places it wasn’t even on the nation, it was in Detroit, MI. My boss and I had ditched the conference we were attending and found a bike rental shop. We rode through an old train highway that had taken down the tracks and put in rows upon rows of flowers, the columns were covered with murals which told stories of the city’s history, and there was a nicely paved bike path that led from Lake Michigan to downtown Detroit. The next day, my coworkers wanted in on the action and again I had ditched the conference to ride bikes. Stuck with the need to get out and ride; when we got back home I bought myself a single speed olive green Benny SX road bike. I rode everywhere everyday, and went on longer rides on the weekends. I loved the feeling of the wind on my face, the smell of the jewed (land). It even opened my eyes to things I had never noticed: how much dogs truly love chasing after everything with wheels, how many beautiful flowers grow here. Getting in shape was a huge plus, but growing an even bigger appreciation for the land was the best.

It gave me a high that I’ve only ever heard runners describe; and then it hit me, because O’odham have always been great runners and it was a major part of the culture, that riding bikes was my way of running. I had found a way that connected me to my Himdag. Just as the horse became our brother, though, he native of our land and culture, he has become sacred to us. Although the bike is not a living thing, it is an example modern innovation. In a way I did the same thing I would if it were a horse: taking care and fixing it when it was needed. Just as you heard vehicles referred to as a “four wheel war pony” mine was a two-wheel. Instead of a pony I looked at it as a road runner, because it’s slim, fast, and could go in and out of obstacles.

It can be argued that simply riding a bike is not like running and can not be a form of tradition. Yet just as horses aren’t from our homeland, in that they’ve made their way into our culture. Ultimately it is how I made a connection, and with it I’ve found my sense of empowerment and spirituality. Just as pageantry has given those who are involved that same empowerment; it has become a new tradition. To breakdown the process: they’ve gotten together to learn songs, artwork, took the time to talk and learn from elders, bring awareness or fighting for a cause. As I was speaking to a friend about this, he talked about the lady who makes the crowns calling her the “crown weaver.” I immediately thought it sounded so cool. Just like the people who make song that come from their dreams, the “song dreamers.”

I don’t think we should fear change but embrace it while holding on to our older traditions. Because we can’t move forward without learning from our past, looking back; we can’t deny things have changed, even down to the language we speak now. There are new words that we’ve taken from old words or old ways of saying it. For example, today we say the number twenty two in O’odham as “gokko go:k“, but in the old days it was like solving an math problem and the answer is how we’d say it. Which was “two times ten plus two.” All of that was how we would say the number twenty two. We need new ways, not only that, but ways that serve the needs of our current environment. Just as our ancestors used what they had to work with them, we must be open to doing the same. Because without it ever growing it’ll lose meaning and cease to exist.

Ulrick is a student at Tohono O’odham Community College in Sells, Arizona.

Code Talkers Preserving Freedoms by Preserving Languages

Choctaw Code Talkers via Native Telecom

Choctaw Code Talkers

Today, we pay tribute to those who’ve made the ultimate sacrifice to protect the freedoms we all enjoy. Memorial Day is also a very important holiday for American Indians, as throughout history Indian warriors have fought to ensure the survival of their tribes, customs and languages. Historically warriors were held in high regard and rewarded with sacred feathers, war bonnets, and shields, recognizing their contributions to their tribe.

This commitment to service by Native peoples continues today. American Indians have a long and distinguished history of service in the United States military. From the Revolutionary War onward, American Indians have served as soldiers, scouts, and in many other vital roles.

Perhaps best known are the Code Talkers, members of the U.S. armed forces who communicated vital information in codes based on their Native languages. During both World Wars, the U.S. used many of the 500-plus distinct North American Native languages as battlefield weapons that saved the lives of countless Americans and their allies.

Comanche Code Talkers

Fourteen Comanche Code Talkers attended basic training at Fort Benning,Georgia, April, 1941. Charles Chibitty is dressed in Comanche dance regalia (3rd from right). The Comanche Code Talkers sometimes performed traditional dance demonstrations for other soldiers. They also had a very successful boxing team, which included Charles Chibitty. Signal Corps photograph. Courtesy of National Archives.

In World War I, code talkers from the Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chocktaw, Comanche, Osage and Yankton Sioux nations served as Code Talkers alongside the 12,000 other American Indian service members who fought in this bloody conflict. Throughout World War II, the Acoma, Apache, Assiniboine, Cherokee, Chippewa/Oneida, Choctaw, Comanche, Dakota, Hopi, Ho-Chunk, Lakota, Kiowa, Menominee, Muskogee/Creek, Navajo, Pawnee, Ponca, Tlingit, Seminole, Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate, and Sac and Fox/Meskwaki tribes were represented by Code Talkers serving among the estimated 40,000 Native service men and women who contributed to the Allied victory.

American Indian languages proved to be one of the U.S. military’s most effective tools during 20th century conflicts. The Navajo Code Talkers’ success in confounding the Japanese military with codes the enemy could not break serves as a prominent example of the value of preserving Native languages. The sacred Diné language is not a written language but an oral tradition, learned and passed on through generations. This unique quality is what gave the United States and its allies a victorious advantage. After the world wars, many Code Talkers worked within their tribes to preserve their languages.  Among them were Navajo Code Talker Teddy Draper Sr., who spent years as a language teacher at Diné College in Tsaile, Arizona. Protecting Native languages is essential to preserving the identity and culture of Native nations.

Tribal colleges, recognizing the historical and cultural importance of Native language preservation, are integrating them into their curriculum.  For example, the Comanche Code Talkers are no longer living, and the Comanche have very few fluent speakers today. The Comanche Nation College in Oklahoma was founded, in part, to revitalize the language.  At Aaniiih Nakoda College in Montana, students are required to introduce themselves in their native language. Tribal colleges  encourages students to make culturally informed decisions and helps students define their identities through language.

see all of the medals at or by clicking on the image.

As for the Code Talkers, they were only recently recognized for their contributions to our nation and our freedoms. As we reflect on this Memorial Day, we honor those who did not return from war, including all the Native Code Talkers who are no longer with us. Their contributions underscore the importance of preserving the sacred languages of the North American tribes. Supporting tribal colleges continues that work.

Increasing the capacity of the tribal colleges supports current American Indian veterans and paves the way for future Native warriors to succeed.  Here at the American Indian College Fund, with your support, we are building opportunities for our veterans with the 25th Anniversary Veterans and their Families Scholarship Fund.

Teacher of the Next Generation

Hello my name is Sasha Toribio. I am from Zia pueblo, located in Zia, New Mexico. I attend Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI) and for a year and a half I have been studying within the early childhood program. During my fall trimester of 2013 I enrolled in the new early childhood Special Topics course taught by Dr. Danielle Lansing (a course developed under the Wakanyeja “Sacred Little Ones” Early Childhood Education Initiative, administered by the American Indian College Fund).

In the early childhood education Special Topics course I learned about the history of Native American education and why Native students in early childhood program, our future teachers, should care about preserving our Native languages. The whole concept of the Special Topics course was to understand the importance and powerful role of Native language immersion in early childhood curriculum. I completely agree that Native American teachers need to understand that our Native language is important to our culture, tradition, and to our little ones.

Without our language, our people have no culture.  And without culture, we have no tradition.  And without tradition, we have nothing. Our Native language is what separates us from the rest of society. If we lose our languages along with our cultures and traditions, then we lose the long time battle of assimilation. Our ancestors did not fight and risk their lives to give up our culture, so why should we give up our culture now? Our language is very important to what we have left as Native peoples. We are now in what education scholars refer to as a “safe zone,” a place in which Native Americans can speak their language and not be punished. I am glad to be a part of preserving our language because our future generations can have the choice to learn their language. Not every child may have access to learn their language, but at least years into the future there will be someone to teach them. I love that there are people like Tarajean Yazzie (Program Officer of the Wakanyeja ECE Initiative) and Danielle Lansing (SIPI early childhood faculty and Sacred Little Ones Project Director) who care about Native language and culture enough to do something about it.

The Sacred Little Ones project at SIPI has created an opportunity for the Special Topics course to exist and for culturally-relevant learning activities with local early learning centers serving Native children and families to flourish. With the help of tribal college students, we can save our Native languages starting with teaching future teachers the importance of language immersion and cultural preservation.

by: Sasha Toribio, SIPI Early Childhood Education Student

Excerpt from AIHEC presentation by Yazzie-Mintz, T., Lansing, D., & Toribio, S., (2014, March). To become a teacher of the next generation: Counting coup with education in honor of our youngest tribal members. Session presented at the American Indian Higher Education Consortium Student Conference, Billings, MT.



Wakanyeja Early Childhood Education Initiative Goes International

The Wakanyeja Early Childhood Education (ECE) Initiative celebrates another milestone; the project story has gone (or flown) international!  Starting April 2 through May 2014, the Switchback Gallery in the Gippsland Centre for Art and Design, in Churchill,  Australia, is presenting the Wakanyeja ECE Initiative’s mono-type prints in a co-curated exhibition entitled, “Flying: A Trans-national cross-cultural print exchange.”  Head Start teacher and project partner, Vibeka Mitchell, is the featured artist on the gallery announcement.  Ms. Mitchell’s print, “Navajo Life” is explained as follows:

My picture [depicts] my life story and what is important to me as a Navajo woman. I am from Naschitti, NM. I love the landscapes of the Navajo Reservation. Monument Valley is my favorite. I am a Christian and I grew up in the Christian Reformed Church. I am a Head start teacher and I love to work with Children. I want my students to learn who they are, where they are from, and their history of their family. Being so confident and proud of my heritage makes me a strong Navajo.


In June 2012, TCU early childhood faculty, early childhood teachers, parents, and community members convened in Boulder, Colorado to attend the annual Wakanyeja Annual Convening.

Twenty-five representatives participated in collaborative discussions, engaged in shared learning experiences and completed a workshop in which they produced mono-type prints.

The mono-type prints were intended to be a part of a traveling exhibition within the United States and to international countries, surfacing dialogue about Indigenous education across many landscapes.



To engage in sustained efforts to strengthen early childhood learning opportunities requires the critical engagement of many. The images illustrate the participants’ early learning experiences, inspirations, and hopes for the future.









The images featured in this international exhibition invite diverse audiences to join the conversation, and to learn about the social, cultural and educational transformation facilitated by the Wakanyeja ECE Initiative’s grantee teams.


Sara Wescott
Learning and Love in
Constant, 2012
16 x 20

 Join the American Indian College Fund and the Wakanyeja ECE Initiative in celebrating the first international exhibition of the Wakanyeja ECE Initiative mono-type print series.

Flying: A Trans-national cross-cultural print exchange

Switchback Gallery:


Posting by: Tarajean Yazzie-Mintz, Program Officer, Wakanyeja ECE Initiative


Brennan- Keepers of the Menominee Forest

It is estimated the Menominee Nation had owned nearly 10 million acres which comprised of eastern half of Wisconsin, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, and even a small part in northern Illinois. After several treaties with the United States Government, the first being in 1821, Menominee now call home to roughly 237,000 acres in Northeast Wisconsin holding a rich history of forestry. Roughly 220,000 of those acres are extensively and carefully harvested.

Chief Oshkosh

The Menominee have harvested timber since the 1850′s and have done so in such a way to ensure bountiful stands for generations to come. A Menominee leader by the name of Chief Oshkosh is given credit for advising his people to “start with the rising sun and work toward the setting sun, but only taking the mature trees, the sick trees, and the trees that have fallen. When you reach the end of the reservation, turn and cut from the setting sun to the rising sun and the trees will last forever.” With these words, and combining modern forestry techniques, the Menominee forest has become a primary example of sustainable forestry. Their practices have earned multiple state, national, and international awards including the 1996 President’s Award for Sustainable Development, 2004 Outstanding Management of Resources Award by Northeastern Loggers Association Inc., 2008 Friend of the Environment by Wisconsin Environmental Working Group (Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce), and the 2009 Forest Stewardship Award by the National Hardwood Lumber Association. One of the most well-known honors the Menominee have received is to be the primary producer of the 2012 NCAA Final Four floor.

In 1854 the Menominee had purchased a small mill to process their own timber after becoming a federally recognized tribe. In 1908, Senator LaFollette helped pass a law to allow the tribe to expand the mill after a large blow down three years earlier. Known as the Menominee Tribal Enterprise (MTE), their operations have maintained an ecologically viable, economically feasible, and socially desirable forest. MTE employs approximately 125 workers and another 180 forest workers, majority of them being tribal members. These hard workers collect and process nearly 14 million board feet per year. As the forest stands now, it is estimated to be home to 1.7 billion board feet which is more than the estimate of 1854 at 1.2 billion board feet. In the history of Menominee forestry, over 2.25 billion board feet have been harvested.

Collected tree ring samples.

With the successful negotiations between Menominee leaders and the United States government,t the tribe avoided relocation in 1848 and continue to call our reservation “home”, respectfully. Menominee tribal members do not financially benefit from MTE operations a great amount but benefit just as well with the natural resources which thrive as a result of sustainable forestry. I asked fellow tribal members what the forest means to them and with the majority response being, “…it provides wood for heating homes, wildlife to hunt, plants and medicines to care for our people.” To me, the forest is a place to find serenity after a long week of school, and work. As young Menominee, we all have been taught that everything around us is a living being. From rocks to the trees, you can speak and they will listen. With this in mind, we have also been taught to take only what is needed in order to preserve the plant or animal life so others can gather. This background is one of the main driving forces to my current educational and future goals.

Currently, I am a Biological & Physical Science major at College of Menominee Nation. After a summer internship in 2012, I found what I would like to do for the rest of my life. With a professor and students from University of Wisconsin-Platteville, a fellow Menominee and student at University of Wisconsin-Madison, research was conducted in northwestern Wisconsin to determine the impacts of invasive, European earthworms have on northern hardwood forests, with Sugar Maple trees being the primary focus. Comparing climate data to tree-ring data we were able to conclude these earthworms have a negative growth impact on tree growth. Stemming from this experience I have been given the opportunity to continue tree-ring research on the Menominee forest with a grant from the Wisconsin Alliance for Minority Participation (WiscAMP).

Forest Tree Core Sample

My latest project was to update a tree-ring chronology that was conducted in 1983 by Ed Cook. Taking the last 30 years of Eastern Hemlock growth and combing Cook’s data, I have been able to create a climate reconstruction of the last 450 years.
Traditionally, I have been told “trees tell stories” and with this research I have been able to see, listen, and tell their story.

I have been to many places near and far, but I have not been able to discover who I am, and what I want to become, if it wasn’t for discovering something close to home. Realizing what I have outside my door, knowing there is so much more to learn about it, I have been passionate since that first internship in 2012 to study forest ecology and return home to continue the sustainable practices of my beautiful homeland. Along this journey that I choose to travel, I expect to pass the interest on to the younger generation of my people so they too can learn to appreciate what is given to us inhabitants of mother earth and create a life of giving back to her.

Test your Flu I.Q. and Find a Flu Vaccine Clinic Near You with the New Protect the Circle of Life Widget

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched a new flu vaccination widget for American Indians and Alaska Natives.  This resource was developed as part of the “Protect the Circle of Life” campaign to raise awareness about the importance of flu vaccination among and to provide user-friendly information on the importance and availability of the flu vaccine throughout Indian Country.

Student Blogger Ulrick: Songs of Tribute Echo in Laughter

Over the past month I’ve been stressed with the load of late homework because I’m a professional procrastinator, and cramming studying for finals. I had completely forgotten about my personal duties. The anxiety weighed heavier on me than in previous semesters, but at the same time I liked it. “Working well under pressure” is what I heard from my instructors a lot, and at the moment I thought it was foolish and stupid, but as it all died down I was proven wrong. I did actually enjoy the feeling but I hope to never have to do it again because it helped me to love and cherish time with family, and friends.

I somehow managed to rekindle old friendships, but regrettably, I missed my godmother’s one-year death anniversary. To be honest, I’m not too good with that kind of stuff. My family had asked that some of us, her children and godchildren, write something and share it with everyone that day. I couldn’t find the words; I felt that anything I’d say wouldn’t do her memory justice because she had done so many great things for our family and our community. Every time I saw her, even in passing, it was like there was the brightest aura around her, and her energy was so strong that even if we didn’t hug it still felt like she had given me one. She is and will be dearly missed.

During this time felt a “push,” both metaphorically and physically. This burst of motivation, to which I hadn’t known where it came from, was very overwhelming. I sought out help from a makai (medicine person.) He didn’t tell me anything new but reassured me that what I was feeling was pure, and possibly from my godmother. It felt amazing. And he said I was also possibly getting support from my friends, family, and even community members I didn’t know! This had never happened to me, to be acknowledged by people, it feels really great.

I still felt I had to give some sort of tribute to my godmother. I don’t follow the Catholic religion like she did, and didn’t want it to be forced, so I did it in the fashion that felt natural to me. I asked one of my best friends, Ivan, to help me sing some of our traditional songs for her. These songs are usually sung with a gourd rattle and animal skin drum. Without hesitation he said yes. We invited some of our friends from the current and former youth council to come out and sing. I feel most comfort in saying prayers through our songs because the songs themselves are prayers. When singing you have the same mindset of praying: you have a clear mind, pray for everyone including the land, plants, and animals; and pray for everyone in the world.

Before we began we all met up and the laughter seemed to echo, bouncing from mountain to mountain. It felt so good to see everyone again. The jokes poured and delayed the songs for a bit, but that didn’t matter. Someone said “Oh man, that O’odham humor!” It set the tone for the night. I explained the reason why I wanted their help in singing these songs and it seemed to fit perfect for everyone. They too felt it was something they needed as well; they needed to give thanks and prayers. Ivan, being the lead singer, asked if there were any requests for songs in specific, but we were rusty, and I didn’t want to call for a song so I let him sing whatever he wanted to share, though I hoped he would sing the “Milky Way” song, a song that if I knew by heart I would sing for my beloved godmother. Midway through he sang it, and it felt really good, like it was a personal dedication to her. I don’t know how long we were sitting on top of the hill singing songs, but just judging by our freezing hands, it was no less than two hours.

The night could not end with one final laugh: all six of us crammed into a black 2008 Chevy Impala with chrome trimming, two in the front and three in the back with Ivan lying across us, and the chairs we had brought. We looked really cool, but when we left, the car scraped the ground because the back seat was carrying a heavy load. We dropped off the chairs at the youth council office, even that was a heavy task because it was so cold that nobody wanted to get down after we all had warmed up by huddling together, so it made a simple job even harder to do. It began with everyone laughing and ended the same way. The only thing that would’ve been even better is if we all had enough money to pitch in to order burgers.

This day had me wondering what others do in similar situations. Do they give thanks? Say prayers? Making a spiritual connection? I’d love to see or hear how others handle things like that.


Welcome Our Guest Student Blogger!

Meet Ulrick Francisco, a social services major from Sells, Ariz. attending Tohono O’Odham Community College. Ulrick will join us for the next year as a contributing blogger on the Think Indian Blog.

Ulrick was inspired to earn his degree in his hometown through service with Tohono O’Odham Community Action, AmeriCorps, and an internship as a photographer. He currently spends his time working in the campus library and working as a custodian in Sells. He is also serving as the student senate president and makes time to frequent the multiple campuses at TOCC. Ulrick finds inspiration in his enjoyment of punk-rock music and from friends spending time doing community work with the younger and elder generations among his tribe. He says this is what helps him stay in touch with his culture.

Ulrick dreams of sustainable agriculture and living for his tribe (and other tribes) and has a particular interest in food, gardening, and how agriculture promotes healthier eating in his community. He says he has much to learn before he can be the ideal member of society he wishes to be. Motivated by seeing how other tribal colleges represent other tribes’ sustainability, Ulrick realized college teaches him the most about how he can be proactive to create sustainable living for his people.

Ulrick created the video below about leadership earlier this year. Please help us welcome Ulrick and leave a comment!